Harunur Rashid


Awards and Honors奖项和荣誉

Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) at Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2014.


 The Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS) fellowship; host institution: Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, 2013.

2013年 日本北海道大学:日本科技促进会研究员

Scientist visiting and colloquium program at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, California, USA in 2009


Endowed Research fellowship at the University of South Florida, USA 2004-2006.


Funds pour la Formation de Chercheurs et l'Aide a la Rechercheat Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts, USA 2002-2004.


Research Projects 研究项目

1.      Title: Tracking millennial-scale upper water masses stratification (i.e., mixed-layer and thermocline gradients) during the past 450,000 years in the northwest Atlantic: planktonic foraminiferal d18O and Mg/Ca approach; funded by NSF-C in 2018 [2018 - 2022]. Samples for this project are provided by the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).


2.      Title: (i) Assessing millennial-scale sediment discharge and climate variability using sediment core from the SW Iceland Shelf; and (ii) Origin, degradation, and burial of organic matter in the Mariana Trench and the New Britain Trench: funded by Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology [2017 - 2020].

利用西南冰岛陆架岩心沉积物评估千年尺度上的沉积物排放和气候变化 & 马里亚纳海沟和新不列颠海沟中的有机物来源、降解和埋藏;青岛国家海洋科学技术实验室支持

3.      Title: Reconstructing high-resolution surface and deep-water changes using sediment cores from Solomon Sea [Papua New Guinea]; Shanghai Ocean University [2017 - 2021].


4.      Title: Late Quaternary sediment dynamics of Labrador Sea and northwest Atlantic Ocean [Natural Resources Canada-Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency; and Research and Development Corporation] [Ongoing]


5.      Title: Late Quaternary, Pliocene-Miocene and Oligocene sedimentation, tectonics andpaleoceanography of theNorth Atlantic and NW Pacific (Nankai Trough) oceans; [ongoing]. The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) provided samples for this project.


6.      Title: Reconstructing ventilation history ofSouth China Sea [2019 - 2021]. Samples for this project will be provided by various research partners.


Proxies and properties my group uses 团队研究方向

Three types of proxies and properties my group uses to understand the sediment dynamics, past climate change, and ocean circulation which are:


(i)      stable isotopes [hydrogen (dD), oxygen (d18O), carbon (d13C), and nitrogen (d15N)] in biogenic carbonates, sediments, and water;


(ii)    radiogenic isotopes [14C, Nd, and Sr] in biogenic carbonates and sediments;


(iii)  Minor and trace elements [Mg, Ba, B, Ca, Cd, Li, Sr, Fe, Al, Mn, U, and Zn] in biogenic carbonates and sediments;


(iv)  Organic biomarkers [alkenones, IP25, and GDGTs];


(v)    Sediment dynamic and sediment geochemistry [sortable silt, clay mineralogy, and provenance tracers].


Publications 出版刊物

Peer-Reviewed Articles文章

1. Rashid, H., Gourlan, A. T., Marche*, B. & Sheppard*, B. (2018),An expression of Indian Summer Monsoon changes during the last 25,000 years recorded in the radioisotopes of the Andaman Sea marine sediment, to Geochemical Journal (submitted).

2. Li, G et al. The deep-water oxygenation changes in the South China Sea since the last glacial period, Geophysical Research Letters (submitted).

3. Doss, W., Marchitto, T. M., Eagle, R., Rashid, H. &Tripati, A., Deconvolving the saturation state and temperature controls on benthic foraminiferal Li/Ca, based on downcore paired B/Ca measurements and coretop compilation, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in-press).

4. Wang, Y., Xu, Y.-P., Spencer, R. G. M., Zito, P., Kellerman, A., Podgorski, D., Xiao, W.-J., Wei, D. D., Rashid, H. & Yang, Y.-H., Selective leaching of dissolved organic matter from alpine permafrost soils on northeast Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau,Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences (in-press).

5. Rashid, H., Piper, D. J. W., Lazar*, K., McDonald, K. & St. Ange, F*. (2017), The Holocene Labrador Current: changing linkages to atmospheric and oceanographic forcing factors, Paleoceanography32, doi: 10.1002/2016PA003051.

6. Rashid, H., MacKillop, K., Sherwin, J., Piper, D. J. W., Marche, B. & Vermooten, M.  (2017), Slope instability on a shallow contourite-dominated continental margin, southeastern Grand Banks, eastern Canada, Marine Geology 393, 203-215.

7. Toki, T., Masataka, K., Sumito, M., Masuda, H., Rashid, H., Yoshinishi, H., Nakano, T. & Noguchi, T. (2016), The vertical chloride ion profile at the IODP Site C0002, Kumano Basin, off coast of Japan,Tectonophysics 710-711, 88-96.

8. Rashid, H., B., Marche*, Vermooten*, M., Parry, D., Webb*, M., Brockway*, B. D. & Langer*, K. (2016), comment on “Asynchronous variation in the East Asian winter monsoon during the Holocene” by Zhang, X., Jin, L., and Li, N., J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, doi: 10.1002/2015JD/023983.

9. Piper. D. J. W., Saint-Ange, F., MacKillop, K., Campbell, C., Mosher, D. C. & Rashid, H. (2016), Geohazards in Deepwater sectors offshore Newfoundland and Labrador available for parcel nomination in 2016-2019, Offshore Technology Conference, pp.1 - 9.

10. Berger, A., Crucifix, M., Hodell, D. A., McManus, J. F., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pol, K., Raynaud, D., Skinner, L. C., Tzedakis, P. C., Wolff, E. W., Yin, Q. Z., Abe-Ouchi, A., Barbante, C., Brovkin, V., Cacho, I., Capron, E., Ferretti., P., Ganopolski, A., Grimalt, J. O., Hönisch, B., Kawamura, K., Landais, A., Margarita, V., Martrat, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mokeddem, Z., Parrenin, F., Prokopenko, A. A., Rashid, H., Schulz, M., and Vazque-Riveiros, N. (2016), Interglacials of the last 800,000 years, Rev. Geophys. v.54, doi: 10.1002/2015RG00482.

11. Toki, T., Masuda, H., Rashid, H. & Shinjo, S. (2015), Development of extraction method of interstitial water from consolidated sediments toward super-deep drilling, Geostand. Geoanaly. Res.40 (2), 291-300.

12. Rashid,H.,Piper, D. J. W., Mansfield*, C., Polyak, L. & Saint-Ange**, F. (2015),Reply to a Comment on “Signature of the Gold Cove event (10.2 ka) in the Labrador Sea” to Quat. Int. 377, 160-162.

13. Rashid,H.,Piper, D. J. W., Saint-Ange**, F., Polyak, L. & Mansfield*, C. (2014),Signature of the Gold Cove event (10.2 ka) in the Labrador Sea, Quat. Int. v. 352, 212-221.

14. Rashid, H., Best*, K., Otieno**, F. O. & Shum, C. K. (2013), Analysis of paleoclimatic records for understanding the tropical hydrologic cycle in abrupt climate change, Climate Vulnerability v.5, 127-139.

15. Rashid, H., Saint-Ange**, F., Barber, D. C., Smith*, A. E. & Devalia*, N. (2012), Fine scale sediment structure and geochemical signature between Eastern and Western North Atlantic during Heinrich events 1 and 2, Quat. Sci. Rev. 46, 136-150.

16. Rashid, H., Otieno**, F. O. & Konfirst**, K. M. (2011), Comments on “Does the Agulhas Current amplify global temperatures during super-interglacials?” J. Quat. Sci. 26 (8), 866-869.

17. Rashid, H., England*, E., Thompson, L. & Polyak, L. (2011), Late glacial to Holocene Indian Summer Monsoon variability from the Bay of Bengal sediment records, Terr. Atmos. Ocean Sci. 22 (2), 215-228.

18. Rashid,H., Polyak, L. & Mosley-Thompson, E. (2011), Abrupt Climate Change: revisited, Geophysical Monograph series #193; 10.1029/2011GM001139, 1-14. 

19. Rashid, H., Piper, D. J. W. & Flower, B. P. (2011), The role of Hudson Strait outlet in Younger Dryas sedimentation in the Labrador Sea,Geophysical Monograph series #193; 10.1029/2010GM001011, 93-110.

20. Rashid, H. & Boyle, E. (2008), Response to the comment on “Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich Events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal d18O approach”. Science320, 1161-1162.

21. Rashid,H., Flower, B. P., Poore, R. Z. & Quinn, T. M. (2007), A ~25 ka monsoon variability record from the Andaman Sea. Quat. Sci. Rev. 26, 2586-2597.

22. Rashid,H.& Boyle, E. (2007), Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich Events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal δ18O approach.Science 318, 439-441.

(Highlights of our paper can be seen at:


23. Rashid,H. & Piper, D. J. W. (2007), Ice extent in Hudson Strait during Heinrich events H1 to H3. Can. J. Earth Sci.44 (11), 1537-1549.

24. Rashid,H. & Grosjean, E. (2006), Detecting the source of Heinrich layers: an organic geochemical study. Paleoceanography 21, PA3014, doi:10.1029/2005PA001240.

25. Hesse, R., Rashid, H. & Khodabakhsh, S. (2004),Fine-grained sediment lofting from meltwater-generated turbidity currents during Heinrich events. Geology32, 449-452.

26. Rashid,H., Hesse, R. & Piper, D. J. W. (2003a), Distribution, thickness and origin of Heinrich Layer 3 in the Labrador Sea. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 205, 281-293.

27. Rashid,H., Hesse, R. & Piper, D. J. W. (2003b), Origin of the unusually thick Heinrich layers H-1 to H-3 in the northwest Labrador Sea. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 208, 319-336.

28. Rashid, H., Hesse, R. & Piper, D. J. W. (2003c), Evidence for an additional Heinrich event in the Labrador Sea. Paleoceanography 18(4), doi: 10.1029/2003PA000913.

29. Thomas, F., Hardy, I. & Rashid,H.(2003), Bryozoan-rich layers in surficial Labrador Slope sediments: eastern Canadian Arctic. Can. J. Earth Sci.40(3), 337-350.


Title: “Abrupt Climate Change: Mechanisms, Patterns and Impacts”, Rashid,H., Polyak,

L. & Mosley-Thompson, E. (eds.)Geophysical Monograph series #193, Washington, D.C., pp.242.

Presentation at meetings and conferences [last five years] 会议报告

1. Rashid, H., et al., 2018, Sediment dynamic sortable silt suggest variable Labrador Current and LSW strength during the Younger Dryas and 8,200-year meltwater outburst event, Goldschmidt 2018 meeting in Boston, USA.

2. Rashid, H., Piper, D. J. W., MacKillop, K., McQuarrie*, Zhu*, M.-J., and Xing*, J.-L., 2018, Dynamics of sediments on a sediment starved, current swept continental margin adjacent to a former continental ice-sheet: the SE Grand Banks Slope off Newfoundland, International Sedimentological Congress, Québec City, Canada.

3. Rashid, H., Gang, L., Xu, Y.-P., Piper, D. J. W., Zhu*, M.-J., and Xing*, J.-L., 2018, Freshwater forcing modified the Labrador Current vigor and northwest Atlantic slope waters during the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly, annual meeting of the European Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria.

4. Rashid, H., and Piper, D. J. W., 2017, Discharge of water and sediment from ice-streams on the southeastern Laurentide Ice Sheet during Heinrich events: timing and magnitude, Fall 2017 AGU meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA.

5. Lazar*, K. B., Rashid, H., Vermooten*, M., and Dong*, M.-Q., 2017, Abrupt changes in bottom water benthic foraminiferal assemblages during Heinrich events 1-4, Fall 2017 AGU meeting, New Orleans, LA, USA.

6. Rashid, H., Xiao*, W.-J., Gang, L., Xu, Y.-P., and Piper, D. J. W., 2017, Reconstructing the Labrador Current during the past 1,400 years using dynamic sediment and organic geochemical proxies, Goldschmidt 2017 meeting in Paris, France.

7. Rashid, H., 2017, Deep-sea records of abrupt past monsoon changes: why it matters to understand the mechanisms? XMAS-III meeting in Xi’men, China.

8. Rashid, H., Marche*, B., Vermooten*, M., Piper, D. J. W., Lazar*, K. B., Brockway*, B. D., and Fournier, E., 2016, An ultra-high resolution last deglacial marine sediment records of the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, Fall 2016 AGU meeting, San Francisco, USA.

9. Rashid, H., Gourlan, A. T., Marche*, B. & Sheppard*, B. (2016),Changes of the Indian summer monsoon recorded in the neodymium isotopes of the Andaman Sea sediments during the last deglaciation, Goldschmidt 2016 conference in Yokohama, Japan.

10. Rashid, H.,MacKillop, K., Piper, D. J. W., Vermooten*, M., Higgins*, J., Marche*, B., Langer, K., Brockway, B. D., Fournier, E., Spicer, H., & Webb, M., Sediment movements and dispersal patterns on the Grand Banks continental shelf and slope were tied to the dynamics of the Laurentide ice-sheet margin, Fall 2015 AGU meeting, San Francisco, USA.

11. Rashid, H., Vermooten*, M., Marche*, B., Oxford*, B., Fournier, E.,Piper, D. J. W. & Higgins, J.,The Holocene climatic events in the Labrador Sea and Grand Banks,Canadian Quaternary Association biennial meeting, St. John’s, NL, August 2015.

12. Chen*, J., Leitch, A. & Rashid, H., Using Ground Penetrating Radar to Investigate Lacustrine Sediments for Paleoclimatic Reconstruction, Canadian Quaternary Association biennial meeting, St. John’s, NL, August 2015.

13. Rashid, H., Piper, D. J. W., McDonald, K., Lazar*, K. M. & Saint-Ange**, F., Holocene Labrador Current strength reconstructed from sediment sortable silt proxy, 2015 Joint AGU-CGU Assembly, Montreal, QC, May 2015.

14. Rashid, H., Sheppard*, K., Oxford*, B., Vermooten*, M. & Marche*, B., Sediment dynamics on the Grand Banks and Labrador Sea shelf during the last 30,000 years, at the Marine Institute and Grenfell Campus joint symposium, NL, 2014.

15. Rashid, H., Laurentide ice-sheet meltwater outburst is linked to the 10.2 ka climate anomaly, MacEwan University, Edmonton, April 2014.

16. Rashid,H., Elderfield, H., Gourlan, A. & Smith*, M. E. (2013), Evidence for increased Southern Ocean waters in the tropical intermediate Indian Ocean during the last deglaciation, Gold2013: abs #3935), Florence, Italy.

17. Shum, C. K., Kuo, C., Guo, J., Yi, Y. & Rashid, H. (2013), Decadal Evolution of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, AMOC Meeting, Baltimore, MD.

18. Rashid, H., Records of abrupt summer monsoon changes in the Indian Ocean sediments: link to the decline of Indus Valley Civilizations? Osaka City University, Osaka, December 2013.

19. Rashid, H, why it matters to understand the mechanisms of Abrupt Climate Change? Hokkaido University, Sapporo, December 2013.

20. Rashid, H., Indian monsoon response to abrupt climate change: links to Indus Valley civilizations decline? University of Tokyo, Tokyo, December 2013.

21. Rashid, H., Indian Ocean circulation and terrestrial carbon cycle: connecting the longer timescale climate perspective, Atmosphere & Ocean Research Institute, Kashiwanoha, December 2013.

22.Yamaguchi, A., Takeshita, T., Geersen, J., Fabbri, O., Oohashi, K., Shan, Y., Kanagawa & Expedition 338 Scientists, (2013), Preliminary Structural geology of IODP Expedition 338, Abstract, Japanese Geophysical Union.

23. Toki, T., Masuda, H., Hammerschmidt, S., Rashid, H., & Expedition 338 Scientists, (2013), Distribution of hydrocarbons in sediment in Nankai accretionary prism off Kumano: IODP Expedition 338 Preliminary result, Japanese Geophy. Union.

24. Strasser, M., Moore, G. F., Kanagawa, K., Dugan, B., Fabbri, O., Toczko, S., Maeda, L., & IODP Expedition 338 Science Party, (2013); New access to the deep interior of the Nankai accretionary complex and comprehensive characterization of subduction inputs and recent mega splay fault activity (IODP-NanTroSEIZE Expedition 338), EGU 2013.